Monday, May 25, 2020

Animal Imagery And The Classical Period Essay - 2365 Words

The use of animal imagery in Greek literature initially appears easy to understand as it is one of the simplest types of comparison found in poetry from European tradition. In fact, Western culture seems to encourage us to contrast the human world with that of the animal. This habit makes it easy to assume that no profound meaning can truly be drawn from such a clichà ©d analogy. I have not found this to be the case however when analysing the use of animal imagery to describe women in the Classical period. Animal imagery, particularly that relating to birds and horses, is used ingeniously across the period to dissect and often criticise the base nature of women. Women were seen as closer to the natural realm than men and something to be feared but is it an overgeneralization to suggest that all Greek authors utilise animal imagery when describing women to negative effect? In this essay I will attempt to illustrate Greek authors’ reasons for using animal imagery to describe wo men and whether Walcott is right to suggest attitudes towards women in literature and in the Greek world in general were ‘conditioned by man’s fear of women’s sexuality’ (1984: 45). One of the most distinctive qualities of Homeric epic is the extensive use of simile, drawn almost entirely from nature. His characters are likened to ‘almost every aspect of the natural world, from locusts to lightning and from bats to beans’ (Garià ©py 1973: 89). Homer’s use of animal imagery, although most often expressedShow MoreRelatedThe Ethos Of Art Nouveau Across The Arts And Architecture1656 Words   |  7 Pagesjust European history, but also involves a combination of intricate, oriental and classical elements, wanting to create a contrast from traditional forms. The movement was applied across all the arts, including interior and furniture design, illustration, fine art and architecture and was characterised with graceful, asymmetrical lines inspired from natural and organic forms, including striking and powerful imagery which is now immediately recognisable and widely appreciated as a form of artisticRead MoreAnalysis Of Thomas Gray s Poem Elegy 116 7 Words   |  5 Pagespublished in 1751, was written at a time of great restructuring within the literary world. Caught between the ideas of the neoclassical age surrounding formal and rational thought and the emotion and free-flowing verse characterized by the Romantic period, Gray is often regarded as a transitional artist because his pieces include influences from both literary movements. In analyzing form, literary devices, subject matter, and themes within â€Å"Elegy Written in a Country Courtyard, readers find identifiersRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Poetry Of Love1612 Words   |  7 Pagesable to find a deep awareness and admiration of love. Shakespeare was famous around the 16th century, where he gained a celebrated recognition for his poetry and playwriting skills. â€Å"Shakespeare wrote 154 sonnets, likely composed over an extended period from 1592 to 1598.† (Mabillard, A. 2000). Shakespeare’s romantic and romantic poetry elevated him to a high status of bachelordom; he was sort after by various ladies of England. â€Å"†¦ He married Anne Hathaway and they had three children †¦ There hasRead More Classical Imagery in Shakespeares Much Ado About Nothing Essay3559 Words   |  15 PagesClassical Imagery in Shakespeares Much Ado About Nothing The romance of history has lured many of the worlds greatest authors to search for their subject matter in the pages of time. William Shakespeare serves as a unfailing embodiment of the emotion of days past; yet he also turned to those before him. The comedy Much Ado About Nothing is a poignant love story, riddled with stunning imagery and allusion. An examination of the development of certain characters, the imagery and allusion, dictionRead MoreShelleys Use of the Modern Prometheus as a Subtitle to the Novel1178 Words   |  5 Pageswere the ones who held responsibility for all that happened. But on modern terms, man is in control, even for his own damnation. This is another reason as to why Frankenstein is the Modern Prometheus. Throughout the novel, light imagery is used as metaphors for knowledge; an example of this would be the thunder that Frankenstein saw in the account of the oak tree, which symbolized the light of inspiration and the light of utter à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦.destruction. A powerful cousin Read MoreTemple Of The Olympian Zeus And Flavian Amphitheater932 Words   |  4 Pageswork is often perceived as cultural symbols and as works of art. Ancient Greek architecture is distinguished by its highly formalized characteristics, both of structure and decoration. Ancient Roman architecture adopted the external language of classical Greek architecture for the purposes of the ancient Romans, but differed from Greek buildings, becoming a new architectural style. The Corinthian Temple of Olympian Zeus, located in the lower city of Athens was designed by the Roman architect CossutiusRead MoreImagism in Ezra Pound, William Carlos Williams and Marianne Moore1601 Words   |  7 Pageswho made â€Å"Make it new!† his battle cry. He turned to classical Chinese poetry as his source for inspiration. He was the most influential figures of the modernist period, and influenced contemporaries like W. B. Yeats, Robert Frost, William Carlos Williams, Marianne Moore, H. D, James Joyce, Ernest Hemmingway, and most importantly, T. S. Eliot. He promulgated a movement in poetry called Imagism, a movement which derived its technique from classical Chinese and Japanese poetry, and which stressed clarityRead MoreChanges In Change In Treatments : A Historical Perspective1213 Words   |  5 Pagesyears to Iraq. Herbal medicines can commonly be seen used during the classical period in China and India. Medicine in ancient China times started being made out o f animal and insect parts, minerals, and synthetic compounds. The first guide for herbal medicines in China, Shen-Nong-Ben-Cao-Jing, was written after the fall of the Han dynasty, and incorporated around 365 different herbal preparations including plants, insect and animal parts, and minerals for medicines and therapeutic effects. The ChineseRead MoreBehavioral Finance and Technical Analysis1899 Words   |  8 Pagesfinance plan and formulate better scientific decisions in regards to aspects such as market prices, returns and the allocation of resources. It is especially helpful for understanding investor behavior. Behavioral Finance integrates psychology and neo-classical economic theory in its approach and works towards understanding both the effects of market decisions as well as those of investor behavior. It does so by combining prediction (mainly made with technical analysis) and behavioral components in orderRead MoreArt Piece 2 : Arch Of Titus Essay1525 Words   |  7 Pag esprinceps-son of a monarch, consul-official appointed by a government, imperator-equivalent to commander, Pontifex Maixmus- high priest Details: Basic outline: The models for Augustus s idealized portraits, which depict him as a never aging god, were Classical Greek states This portrait presents the emperor in armor in his role as general. Details: Show him not only as an armed general but as a recipient of the civic crown for saving the lives of fellow citizens Material: The material use was marble Shape:

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Discrimination In The Kite Runner - 1698 Words

For centuries, society has been plagued with the sickness that is discrimination. People have taken it upon themselves to have the right to discriminate against others, basing their prejudice on parts of others that they themselves cannot control such as age, race or gender. From past to present, many have faced segregation and the damaging ripple effect it has on their lives. This is especially true for minorities in the world who are singled out and treated as inferiors based on physical traits. The Kite Runner, by Khaled Hosseini, explores in depth the discrimination that has infected the Afghan culture and the catastrophic effects they have of citizens. The novel scrutinizes the Afghani culture in Afghanistan and delves into the†¦show more content†¦As time goes on, the fight for women to be treated equally to their male counterparts seems to be less and less of a priority. Violence against women has become to new norm in many communities and cultures, physically damagin g the lives of many women globally. Also, women are more scrutinized in society than men, thus meaning that women are served harsher consequences for actions done both males and females . Take the character Soroya’s situation in The Kite Runner for instance. â€Å"Their sons go out to nightclubs looking for meat and get their girlfriends pregnant, they have kids out of wedlock and no one says a goddamn thing. Oh, they’re just men having fun! I (Soroya) make one mistake and suddenly everyone is talking nang (honor) and namoos (reputation/pride), and I have to have my face rubbed in it for the rest of my life† (Hosseini 188). This refers to the harsh judgement that women receive in the Afghan culture compared to men. Women are overly scrutinized and given harsh punishments for their actions whereas men get a pat on the back for offences that are a whole lot worse. This can lead to psychological damage to women due to the pressure to be perfect and the vile emotion al abuse that comes with doing what men do freely all the time. Both of these situations and many more both physically and psychologically affect women as being discriminated against for their gender can cause an increase in violence and public pressure. It is society making the mistreatment ofShow MoreRelatedReligious Discrimination In The Kite Runner1441 Words   |  6 PagesIn a world where the crawl of our news feed is overcrowded with stories of corrupting education, poverty and increasing violence - religious discrimination is the man behind the curtain. As an ancient issue accompanying mankind throughout existence, religious discrimination has repeatedly been seen responsible the committing countless human to sins. With differences between people, conflicts form when they do not know how to embrace each other. The differences in people’s religions has made themRead MoreKite Runner Essay899 Words   |  4 PagesGena Narcisco Mrs. Sharpe Honors English 10 10/11/12 The Kite Runner Do you know that Afghanis play a game where they fight with kites? The Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini describes kite fights between local Afghani kids, regardless of their social status. The main characters in this story that come from a higher socioeconomic level are Baba, a lawyer from the Pashtun tribe, and his son Amir. The main characters in this story that come from the lower socioeconomic level are Ali, a servant fromRead More Differences that Divide Essay1201 Words   |  5 Pagesgroups. In Khaled Hosseini’s The Kite Runner, the characters, representative of the surrounding cultures portrayed, frequently participate in acts of inclusion and exclusion on the basis of ethnicity, religion, and lifestyle as a means of dividing the population into clearly defined, mutually exclusive groups. This underlying expression of discrimination serves as a modern critical analysis against society’s prevalent tenets of inequality. The first form of discrimination, most significant to the characterRead MoreSummary Of The Kite Runner 1269 Words   |  6 PagesThe Kite Runner is a very powerful book that deals with many complex political and personal problems. This book has changed and challenged many of my views on life. I also found this book very inspiring and I have gained a greater appreciation for the life I have in Canada. Firstly, the text communicated with me through emotions. For example, I felt sadness for Hassan because of the way society treats him as an unequal. In addition, I have learned many things from this novel such as the importanceRead MoreThe Kite Runner Essay1321 Words   |  6 PagesWhat are the essential values and ideas presented in The Kite Runner? Analyse and assess how effective their representation is Hosseini has expressed copious essential values and ideas in his novel The Kite Runner (TKR) including Loyalty, Culture, Gender and Ethnicity and Atonement. Hosseini has expressed these through the combination of style, structure, characterisation, themes and setting. Due to the context of The Kite Runner, culture is an important idea presented because it has major significanceRead MoreAnalysis Of The Kite Runner 1229 Words   |  5 PagesThe Kite Runner’s plot is centered on the story of Amir, a young boy who grew up in Afghanistan with his father, and friend, Hassan. Amir was raised without a mother, and had no womanly influence in his life until he was married. This lack of women in the storyline has caused some to argue that the novel is demeaning to women (Gomez). The vulgar language and explicit themes are seen as demoralizing towards the female gender (Schaub). In the novel the women are required to remain committed and submissiveRead MoreInfluences on Social Mobility in The Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini875 Words   |  4 PagesThe Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini Amir lives in a nice home in Kabul, Afghanistan, with his father. They have two servants, Ali and his son, Hassan. Ali and Hassan are Hazaras, which is an ethnic mi nority. Hassan is often teased and harassed by a group of boys, one in particular named Assef, who wishes to get rid of all Hazaras in the future. One day an incident happens between Hassan and Assef that changes Amir’s relationship with Hassan forever, bringing Amir to ultimately cause Ali andRead MoreSummary Of The Kite Runner 1196 Words   |  5 PagesNick St. Sauveur World Literature II 20 November 2015 Mrs. Hogan Kite Runner Essay Amir: Lost In Fear Over the duration of history, it has been shown that guilt not brought to light can do little in the name of personal redemption. Moreover, this is clearly connected with and related to Khaled Hosseini s fantastic novel The Kite Runner, one of which describes as well as shows the thoughts and actions of teens through the story s main character, Amir, and his many adventures as anRead MoreKhaled Hossieni s The Kite Runner1433 Words   |  6 Pagesmedicine in the private sector in 1996. (britannica.com) The Kite Runner was his first novel and he had the idea to write a novel while still practicing medicine in 2001 and then published The Kite Runner in 2003. Initially, he wrote a light twenty five page short story about boys in Kabul flying kites after being inspired from a news story about the Taliban and all the limitations they placed on people, it said that they even banned the sport of kite running. That struck a personal chord for Hossieni asRead MoreThe Influence of Religion in the Kite Runner: Essay773 Words   |  4 PagesAll through the novel Kite Runner there are various references to Muslim tradition and beliefs, there is an instrumental role of Islam on the story and its characters. Religion seems to be many things to many people in this book. Baba is celebrated in part for his exceptionally secular ways in a traditional society. Amir exercises it in an entirely private way, as if his faith were more repentance than conversion. Hassan is a victim of discrimination and bigotry and in Assefs Taliban rendition,

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Globalization and Health for Flat Management -MyAssignmenthelp

Question: Discuss about the Globalization and Health for Flat Management. Answer: Introduction This particular report looks at organizational problems faced by MacDonald. Over the years, MacDonald has become a household name given its success in coming up with effective marketing ideas. It is the world most renowned fast food brands. Some of its favorite products include egg muffin, the big Mac among others. MacDonalds has experienced significant growth due to its marketing ideas, however there are also serious organizational problems facing MacDonalds that need to be corrected (Osman, Johns, and Lugosi 2014). These challenges have led to loss of profits. As a result of these problems Macdonalds faced many closures. This is due to dissatisfied clients. This paper looks at some of the individual performance of the employees as well as the overall performance of MacDonalds. Discussion Organizational Problems Over the years the sales for MacDonalds have shrunk, the usual traffic has also declined, several problems have brought about the loss of profit. MacDonalds has lost significant percentage of its market share. Some of these issues comprise of problems to do with the organizations image, health, employees as well as customers care. McDonald's countenances maybe its most prominent test in its home market and abroad. Analysts charge that the organization has not been able adapt to central moves in the restaurant business in lately despite being the leaders for years in this particular field, this is according to Lemons (2017). Consumer Counter Attack against Cost Cuts MacDonald stated experiencing low revenues especially in its larger market in Japan. Consumers were disgruntled with MacDonalds services. This was because MacDonald became very synonymous with cost cuts. Customers backlash began when the moment Japanese food store started to pull menus from its counters thereby shortening the time taken by customers to place their specific orders. Loss of Revenue MacDonalds has lost significant revenue since angry customers decided to chastise the chain. The customers dragged down its sales significantly in 2013 according to Anaf et al (2017). This has led to serious loss of revenue. Chicken safety scare have also hit MacDonalds and as a result it has lost the trust of its customers across the globe beginning with China. These problems were capped by a series of serious customer complaints. This complaints include claims that some objects were found in the products. Some of these objects included pieces of vinyl, bracelets among others (Fors and Camisn 2016). Due to this complaints, the MacDonald is no longer a must go place as it were in the years past. Customers confidence in MacDonalds products has been seriously eroded. As a result MacDonald has lost a serious amount of revenue and market share across the globe. Safety concerns are seriously hurting MacDonald especially at this time when competition is also very intense as new players are emerging and joining the market. Macdonald Caught up in Geopolitics Away from health concerns and cost cuts, MacDonald also faces hostile political environment in Russia. MacDonald which was once a success story in Russia is facing serious challenges coupled with court cases. Several MacDonald restaurant were put under government surveillance. Nearly of MacDonald restaurants were also closed down during this particular period. This is what led to numerous court cases against MacDonalds (Thornton et al 2017, p. 87) The deteriorating political relationship between Moscow and Washington in the past few years have brought about devastating loss to MacDonald. In some instances, it was also reported that MacDonalds products did not meet Russias safety standards. This was due to the fact that some products were found to contain more carbohydrates, some contained more calories. All these were seen as an excess of what the menu required (Nir and Ham 2014) Recommendations Of all the problems that MacDonald faces, the most vital that needs quick attention is about provision of healthy food. Everybody wants to be healthy. No one wants to be sick. Therefore any food product that is unhealthy or is rumored to be unhealthy can bring about a devastating effect to the business across the globe. In order to ensure that it provides health food, MacDonald should do the following; Audit all suppliers who supply its products to ensure that they do not add or remove anything from their products. The audit should go further to ensure that only those who qualify to hand human food are given the opportunity to supply MacDonalds products across the globe. This will help in regaining customers confidence and trust amidst intense competition from rising competitors. Secondly, MacDonalds need to follow and adhere to the safety rules and regular as laid down by a country, state or economic region. This will help in avoiding various legal battles as witnesses in Russia. Different regions have different rules and regulations with regard to health, adhering to these rules brings harmony and separate the business from the politics of the region, state or country. At all times following rules must be a key priority. Conclusion As an international business covering nearly every corner of the continent, MacDonalds need to harmonize or to standardizes its operation to bring about same sense of uniformity. This will help save cost while monitoring and auditing its suppliers and can as well respond to any clients concerns anywhere effectively and appropriately (Cadario 2016) While MacDonald appears to be doing well in the UK, it important to note that it is still experiencing some aspects of buyer certainty issues in the greater Russia and Ukraine. It is also not devoid of multiple shortcomings in France and Germany and this show that this organization does not enjoy the market in Europe as was the case in the recent past. There is also a lot of rivalry originates from other top-end burger chains that are out to outdo MacDonalds. This is in addition to other fast-food organizations that are purely concentrating on specialties some of which include Japanese and Mexican sustenance. These two are gaining serious coverage of the market share and as a result threatening the survival of Macdonald as the worlds dominant food store. McDonald's is as yet growing crosswise over Europe, pushing up real deals. However, the decrease in like-for-like deals implies that the execution general is delicate Works Cited Anaf, J., Baum, F.E., Fisher, M., Harris, E. and Friel, S., 2017. Assessing the health impact of transnational corporations: a case study on McDonalds Australia. Globalization and health, 13(1), p.7. Cadario, R., 2016. The impact of health claims and food deprivation levels on health risk perceptions of fast-food restaurants. Jeon, H.J.J., Meiseberg, B., Dant, R.P. and Grnhagen, M., 2016. Cultural Convergence in Emerging Markets: The Case of McDonald's in China and India. Social Science Medicine, 149, pp.130-134. Lemons, J.F., 2017. Issue: Flat Management Flat Management. Pfeffer, J., Zorbach, T. and Carley, K.M., 2014. Understanding online firestorms: Negative word-of-mouth dynamics in social media networks. Journal of Marketing Communications, 20(1-2), pp.117-128. Fors, B. and Camisn, C., 2016. Does incremental and radical innovation performance depend on different types of knowledge accumulation capabilities and organizational size?. Journal of Business Research, 69(2), pp.831-848. Thornton, L.E., Ball, K., Lamb, K.E., McCann, J., Parker, K. and Crawford, D.A., 2016. The impact of a new McDonald's restaurant on eating behaviours and perceptions of local residents: A natural experiment using repeated cross-sectional data. Health place, 39, pp.86-91. Osman, H., Johns, N. and Lugosi, P., 2014. Commercial hospitality in destination experiences: McDonald's and tourists' consumption of space. Tourism Management, 42, pp.238-247. Nir, S.M. and Ham, J., 2014. Fighting a McDonalds in Queens for the Right to Sit. And Sit. And Sit. The New York Times, 15.

Friday, April 10, 2020

Me and You free essay sample

Speech Laboratory can be an excellent means to give young people practice in public speaking, listening, and note-taking, as well as a host of other skills. It maximized the students ability to communicate effectively. Through various trainings and activities, members of this club will improve in all aspects especially in social, intellectual, and emotional part. The Speech Lab is open for all interested students of Icily In all year levels.This facility will help our students to develop their communication skill through various exercises. It alms to develop young Individuals to become effective immunization that can compete from various schools and places that will totally deepen their sportsmanship and Marina values. PURPOSE The Speech Lab Aims to: 1 . Develop communication skill, 2. Deepen their talents and values through exercises/actively, 3. Promote camaraderie, and 4. Produce good and competitive communicators.Speech Communication Laboratory The newly established Speech Communication Lab in the school is taking this established expertise and supplementing it through the use of other modalities in the investigation of group behavior analysis, social interaction, engagement between beakers and prosodic and gestures accommodation. We will write a custom essay sample on Me and You or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The lab is a state-of-the-art environment, optimally designed for the multimode capture of conversational social interaction.Using High Definition video cameras, microphones, Microsoft Kinetic devices and biometric sensors, the various nuances and complexities of an interaction can be captured for subsequent analysis. ETC will contribute the expertise in the area of speech synthesis and social interaction, as well as providing an ideal environment within which to robustly test the tools developed for multimode input recognition, multimode fusion, fission and output.

Monday, March 9, 2020

Classroom Door Decorations - Ideas for All Seasons

Classroom Door Decorations - Ideas for All Seasons Your classroom door is the first thing people see when they walk past your classroom. To make sure your door stands out, take the time to create a unique display that represents your students or your teaching style. Create your classroom door decoration display by yourself, or enlist your students to help. By adding a little color and imagination to your classroom, you will have your students beaming with excitement. Fall Sweet Back to School Display A fun and tasty way to welcome your students back to school is to create a door display titled Off to a SWEET Start. Create giant cupcakes and write each students name on each one using sprinkles and glue. For the background, buy pink wrapping paper or use a colorful plastic table cloth. Mount a few colorful, edible lollipops for the students to eat later, and you have yourself a sweet back to school door display. Winter Happy Holidays To create a fantastic winter door display, have each student trace and cut out a medium sized green star. Then have each student place a photograph of themselves on the center of the star. Next, have students decorate stars with craft supplies such as sequins, glitter, markers, pom-poms, rhinestones, ribbon, etc. Once stars are completed, display them in the shape of a Christmas tree with your star in the center. Use red wrapping paper for the background, and brown paper for the stem of the tree. For an added touch, place Christmas lights around and/or throughout the tree. Spring Look at our Garden Grow After a long winter, spring into the season with a cute door decoration that will have the students and faculty beaming when they walk by. Have each student create a flower out of colored construction paper. On each pedal have them write something they have learned so far throughout the school year. Then place their photo in the middle of the flower and on the stem write their name in glitter. To create the backdrop use blue paper to represent the sky, yellow paper to represent the sun and green paper to use as the grass. Mount the flowers all around the grass in various sizes and title it Look at our Garden Grow. Summer End-of-the-Year Display A fun and unique way to end the school year and lead into summer vacation is to enlist the help of your students to create a picnic display. To begin have each student decorate a paper plate with a photo of their self and a favorite memory they have from the school year. Mount the paper plates on a checkered table cloth background and title it _____ Grade Was †¦ A Picnic! For a fun (and gross) touch have students create little ants to place around the classroom door. Additional Ideas Here are a few other ideas I have seen in the classroom, around the internet or made up on my own: Cruising into a New School Year - Create a sea blue backdrop and mount boating and sea items.We are a Class to Tweet About - Mount birds or write Twitter phrases about your students.You Make our School Pop - Create a HUGE popcorn bag and write students names on the kernel.Welcome to the Best Place to Bee - Create a bee hive and place students names on each bee.Mrs._____ Class is Souring to New Heights - Create a HUGE hot air balloon and place students names on each balloon.Hopping into ______ Grade. - Create paper frogs and place each students name on one. Looking for more ideas? Here a few creative bulletin board ideas to try in your classroom.

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Broadband Traffic Modeling Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

Broadband Traffic Modeling - Essay Example Broadband also enhances fair computation, reliable storage and easy manipulation of data responsible for maintaining an acceptable quality of service (QoS) level that is deliverable by the network. Communication infrastructure modes, dates back approximately two thousand years ago. This is the time when Beacon systems couriers and advanced communication networks were engineered Owing to the monumental economical demands of the modern world. Traditional networks have been overridden by the technological renaissance that enhances effective Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) scheme, across the network. Traditional infrastructures were developed on separate networks with unnecessary detractors. Voice in a telephone network for example is too noisy and inefficient for burst data communication. Concurrently data networks, that stores and forward massages using computers have a limited bandwidth connectivity that cannot transmit digital images and voice simultaneously. Fibre Optical Transport Network, based on Wavelength Division, Multiplexing and Optical Cross-Connects technology, offer a tremendous transportation capacity. It calls for a frequent manual intervention for updated management. Due to the inconsistency of the Traffic pattern on an integrated system. Network operators are advised to adopt an optical network a smart, automatic real-time system (ION) or Automatic Switched Optical network, for tractability of the changing traffic load information. 2.3.1 Window sizes A smaller observation window harms the network stability; while a too large observation window worsens the network reliability. Research shows that a suitable traffic observation window size improves the offered Quality of Service (QoS) by reconfiguring the logical layer network at the right time and in the right way. Therefore undesirable observation window size might give less accurate information and trigger the operation at the wrong 2.3.2 Multi-Domain. The performance of multi-domain networks, such as differentiated services (DiffServ), guarantees quality of service across the network. Surprisingly network providers hesitate to use it, since enabling and maintaining it on their production networks requires a lot of new know-how and policy management, and they doubt that it will significantly improve the performance and reliability of their over-provisioned networks, or enable new applications. Hence the proposition, to simulate a model of a network connection, between two computers over a fixed multi-domain route in which the network